Africa

Border closure: Way To Go- IMF, Urges Africa Nations To Invest Borrowed Funds In Infrastructure, Health, Education

L-R: Meere Louis, Communications Officer, IMF and Abebe Selassie, Director of the African Department at the IMF at the event.

BY NKECHI NAECHE ESEZOBOR—–Nigeria’s decision to close its borders with some neighbouring countries over issues bordering on illegal trade, has been applauded by the International Monetary Fund (IMF).

Mr Abebe Selassie, the Director of the African Department at the IMF, disclosed this during press briefing on ” Regional Ecomomic Outlook: Sub-Saharan Africa”, at the World Bank/IMF Annual Meetings in Washington D.C..

He said the closure did not in anyway negate the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA).

He said although free trade was critical to economic growth of the continent, it must be legal and in line with agreements.

`On the border closure in Nigeria which has been impacting Benin and Niger, our understanding is that the action reflects concerns about smuggling that has been taking place.

“It is about illegal trade, which is not what you want to facilitate.”

“We are very hopeful that discussions will resolve the challenges that this illegal trade is posing.

“If the border closure is to be sustained for a long time, it will definitely have an impact on Benin and Niger which, of course, rely quite extensively on the big brother next door,’’ he said.

He said analyses by the fund showed that the initiative had a “tremendous potential to facilitate higher economic growth’’.

He explained that the “hard task’’ before African nations was making sure the AfCFTA was fully implemented “to facilitate the trade that we need to see between countries in the region’’.

On the continent’s high debt burden, especially from China, he said the fund was not particularly wary of China, which he said “has been a very important development partner for many countries in sub-Saharan Africa’’.

“There are some counties that have borrowed extensively, and this is not just from China but from all other sources of financing either through Euro bond, domestic markets or other sources of capital.

“ Yes, there are countries that have borrowed beyond what they can quickly pay, but it is important that we get this story straight.

“China has been a very important partner for many countries and remains so.

“Our concern really is more about overall debt level, not just about debt but some other things.

“One is, once you have borrowed money to invest in infrastructure, health and education, it is important you are able to capture the rate of return on that investment so that the debt can be serviced.

“What you put the debt to and how effective the investment projects that you are undertaking is really the important part of the equation.”

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