Central Bank makes a U-turn, raises rate to 12.50% for the 182days OMO Bills

6/9/2018/Zedcrest Capital


Indicator Value Commentary
Inflation 11.14% As at August15, 2018,9bps down from 11.23% recorded in June 2018.
MPR 14.00% Next MPC meeting scheduled for September 24 & 25, 2018
External Reserves $45.55bn As atSeptember 4, 2018. A c.0.17% decrease from $45.63bnon Sept. 3, 2018
Brent Crude $76.23pb As at September 6, 2018. A c.1.35% decrease, from$77.27pbon Sept. 5, 2018

The FGN bond market remained largely order driven in today’s trading session as Local Pension Funds and Asset managers continuedto look for decent bargain on maturities with attractive yields. We witnessed significant trading activities mostly at the long-end, with more trading volumes skewed towards the 2036s & 2037s maturities. Consequently, yields across the curve compressed by c.5bps to close at 15.06% on the average.

We expect the market to trade cautiously tomorrow, with wide bid/offer spreads due to the recent yield increase on the longest offered OMO T-bills (182days) by the CBN.

Secondary Market Bonds
Description Bid (%) Offer (%) Day Change (%)
15.54 13-Feb-20 14.26 14.03 (0.22)
14.50 15-Jul-21 15.00 14.99 (0.01)
16.39 27-Jan-22 14.62 14.41 (0.02)
14.20 14-Mar-24 15.07 14.89 0.04
12.50 22-Jan-26 15.23 15.16 (0.01)
16.29 17-Mar-27 15.22 15.11 (0.02)
13.98 23-Feb-28 15.17 15.10 (0.08)
12.15 18-Jul-34 15.36 15.25 (0.06)
12.40 18-Mar-36 15.35 15.20 (0.04)
16.2499 18-Apr-37 15.36 15.22 (0.03)
Source: Zedcrest Dealing Desk

Treasury Bills

The T-bills market traded on a slightly bearish note today with most trading activities skewed towards the short end of the curve. The medium to long end of curve remained muted due to the flotation of another OMO auction by the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN).

The Apex Bank floated another OMO auction today in a bid to mop up inflows from corresponding maturing OMO T-bills and lingering excess cash from FAAC disbursements. The CBN eventually succumbed to investor pressure for higher yields amidst weak subscription, raising the stop rate for the longest offered tenor (182days) to 12.50% (from 12.15% offered previously). A total of N137.59bn was sold across the 63-, 126- and 182-day maturities offered with stop rates printing at10.00%. 11.50% and 12.50% respectively.

The shift in stop rates at the OMO auction will likely lead to bearish sentiments in T-bills market especially at the medium to long end of the curve. We expect a lethargic trading session tomorrow to wrap up for the week.

OMO Auction Result
Tenor Rate (%) Offer (N’bn) Sub (N’bn) Sale (N’bn)
63days 10.00 100.00 34.30 34.30
126 days 11.50 150.00 56.34 55.34
182 days 12.50 300.00 100.09 100.09
Secondary Market Treasury Bills

Description Bid (%) Offer (%) Day Change (%)
13-Sep-18 10.00 8.00 (0.05)
4-Oct-18 11.10 10.95 0.15
1-Nov-18 11.25 10.85 0.30
6-Dec-18 11.55 11.40 0.10
3-Jan-19 11.80 11.55 (0.10)
14-Feb-19 12.25 12.10 (0.05)
14-Mar-19 12.10 12.05 (0.05)
4-Apr-19 12.25 11.65 0.50
18-Jul-19 12.35 11.50 0.30
Source: Zedcrest Dealing Desk

Money Market

Interbank lending rates remained relatively stable, as the OBB and OVN closed at 3.00% and 3.83% respectively. System liquidity is estimated to close today at c.N600bn net positive after the sale of a total of N189.73bn at the OMO auction today which was not sufficient to offset corresponding inflows from N292.52bn OMO maturities.

We expect rates to close on a calm note, with no significant outflows expected closing the week. This is however barring another OMO auction by the CBN due to the high systemic liquidity.

Money Market Rates
Current (%) Previous (%)
Open Buy Back (OBB) 3.00 3.17
Overnight (O/N) 3.83 4.00
Source: FMDQ, Zedcrest Research

FX Market

The Naira/USD rate traded stable at the interbank, closing at N306.20/$ (Unchanged DoD). At the I&E FX window, a total of $396.47mn was traded in 334deals, with rates ranging between N353.00/$ – N364.50/$. The NAFEX closing rate appreciated by c.0.09% to N362.73/$ from N363.04/$ previously.

At the parallel market, the cash rate closed at N359.50/$ (c.0.08% lower), while the transfer rate remained stable at N362.00/$.

FX Market
Current (N/$) Previous ( N/$)
CBN Spot 306.20 306.20
CBN SMIS 358.87 358.87
I&E FX Window 362.73 363.04
Cash Market 359.50 359.20
Transfer Market 362.00 362.00


The bearish sentiments on SSA sovereign bonds calmed today after being under attack since the start of the month, and theNGERIA Sovereignssaw better buyers on the day. Yields compressed by c.13bps, to close at 7.43% on the average across the curve.

The NGERIA Corpssaw mixed trading sentiments at today’s session, as demand continued on the short-dated tickers while the longer-dated securities traded bearish.The GTBANK 18s gained 14bps DoD, while the FIDBAN 22s conversely lost 14bps DoD.


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