In spite huge funds expended on the micro pension initiative by the National Pension Commission (PenCom), there are indictions that the scheme which was conceived to capture about 250,000 workers from the informal sector, has ran into storm.
PenCom in a statement in October 2016 maintained that it would release the guidelines by middle of 2017 and commence the scheme by end of the year. This, vision was halted by the new leadership in the commission.
The assumption of leadership by the Acting Director-General, Mrs. Aisha Dahiru-Umar, have slowed down major initiatives conceived by her predecessors, especially the micro pension scheme which was rigorously pursued during the tenure of the former Director General, Mrs Chinelo Anohu-Amazu.
The new leadership of PenCom, which has been slowed with little or no action, deflated the momentum already gained in the quest to entrenched the micro pension scheme by redeploying the Head of the department who has done great works on the initiative.
Investigations revealed that staff who are not knowledgeable on vital operations of the commission where assigned sensitive responsibilities leading to slowing down of activities in the commission. According to the Commission, the micro pension scheme is expected to help boost the pension contributors to 20 million Nigerians by 2019 and 30 million by the year 2024. It is also expected to generate about N3 trillion to the pension assets, while mobilizing about 12 million contributors within five years.
The development is against the backdrop of efforts and huge funds deplored to the commencement of the scheme, setting up of micro pension department, among others. However, the implication of the scheme not taking off as planned is that Nigerian workers in the informal sector would continue to be susceptible to old age poverty. Micro pensions is a scheme targeted at self-employed people, especially those with irregular income, usually in the informal sector and are largely financially uninformed with limited or no access to financial services especially pension plan. This segment, which is estimated to be 70 per cent of the country’s population, largely exists in Nigeria as artisans and self-employed persons.
Former, Head Micro Pension Department, Polycarp Anyanwu, had earlier said the commission has been collaborating with chambers of commerce, as well as other government agencies in charge of small businesses such as Small and Medium Enterprise Development Authority (SMEDAN) and was working on guidelines for the commencement of the scheme.
Anyanwu explained that micro pension initiative exists for the provision of pension coverage to self-employed persons. He said: “Micro pension initiative exists for the provision of pension coverage to self-employed persons. In Nigeria, it covers three strata of income earners namely lowest, middle and high income earners. The commission is working assiduously to enroll 250,000 contributors within six months of the commencement of the initiative. The scheme is an offshoot of the pension industry five year strategic plan to expand the coverage of the CPS to 20 million contributors by 2019.
“The commission is also targeting the self-employed in various trades and professions in Nigeria such as artisans, accountants, lawyers, mechanics, tailors, market men/women, hair dressers, architects, engineers among others. We have reviewed the implementation of micro pension in other jurisdictions like Kenya and Ghana; formulated Guidelines and Framework on Micro Pension; consulted licensed Pension Industry Operators and enhanced its information and communications technology capacity to accommodate the scheme.
“The scheme will avail the contributor access to regular stream of retirement income at old age and improves living standards of the elderly. The contributors are to benefit from the various incentives to be offered by the PFAs adding that the initiative would deepen financial literacy and inclusion; secures financial autonomy & independence of retirees; passage of wealth to survivors in the event of death; increases National Savings and long term funds; promote growth development of the capital, mortgage and insurance markets and have positive effect on the national economy as pension assets increases”, he added.
A top official at the Commission who spoke under the condition of anonymity affirmed that there is no activity in place at the moment to kick-start the scheme. Another official further said that the lack of a substantive DG and Board was affecting the functions of the Commission.
Highlighting the challenges of the scheme, Chief Executive, Stanbic IBTC Pension Managers Limited, Mr. Eric Fajemisi,said, though micro pension scheme is good for the country, it has challenges. These challenges, according to him, were insufficient awareness and negative perception towards it and modest financial illiteracy in the country. Others include high cost of promoting awareness on the CPS, lack of reliable data on the informal sector and low buy-in by unions in the pension sector, among others. These challenges, he noted, must be addressed prior to commencement of the scheme and thereafter.
Fajemisi said, on the other hand, the micro pension scheme, when finalised, would ensure improved standard of living for the elderly, guarantee the safety of funds and may provide access to other incentives, such as mortgage facilities and health insurance.
He said other benefits include flexible contribution remittances, the opportunity to make withdrawal prior to retirement and the enhancement of financial inclusion and attainment of economic stability objectives.
He described the proposed micro pension scheme as having the capacity to deepen asset accumulation in Nigeria, which will also provide the vital capital required for investment in critical sectors of the economy.